The advanced technologies have revolutionized the human lifestyle by considerable levels. It is now possible to develop buildings supporting the natural growth of vegetation without even risking structural integrity.
Moss covered walls look beautiful, but from the past several years, they were a matter of worry due to the slow destruction they cause to the structure with time. However, this problem is now solved forever.
The researchers at Structural Technology Group, Barcelona, recently announced the successful development of a new material that supports natural and accelerated growth of potential pigmented organisms.
This biological concrete material is designed for the building facades as well as other building developments in the Mediterranean climates. It promises several thermal, environmental, and aesthetic advantages over traditional structural solutions.
This concrete allows the growth of a few specific types of vegetation that can also provide insulation to the building. The essential feature of this concrete is its ability to produce natural biological support to the growth of a few specific biological organisms, especially mosses, lichens, fungi, and microalgae. It can cover the entire building with vegetation that keeps on changing color in different seasons throughout the year.
People find it an aesthetically pleasing solution for their home. However, to lead the proper growth of vegetation on this concrete, it is essential to make a few specific changes to the material. The researchers changed the natural pH of concrete to level 8 that is usually a preferred choice for the growth of vegetation.
The concrete is developed using these three layers over the underlying structural layer:
· The first most layer of this material is a waterproofing element that is placed on the top of the structural layer. It provides desired protection from water-related damage.
· The second layer is an organic layer that supports colonization while allowing water to gather inside. It creates an internal microstructure that can store rainwater to expel moisture for the growth of biological organisms.
· The third and final layer is a discontinuous coating layer that does precisely reverse the waterproofing function. It allows rainwater inside and prevents its escape out of the concrete so that the desired level of moisture can be maintained in the middle layer.
Another fantastic advantage of this moss growing concrete is that it absorbs atmospheric CO2 with its biological coating. Also, it can capture the necessary amount of solar radiation so that buildings can maintain the desired level of thermal conductivity all the time. In simple words, it works like a thermal regulator with a layer of insulation.
One more incredible benefit of using this unique type of concrete for buildings is its ability to provide unique finishes and colorful shades. It is believed to be one of the best solutions for vertical garden systems and can also improve environmental health. Moss growing concrete promises the ultimate design and development of buildings.