Humpback whales making a comeback and why we need to keep our oceans clean

Experts worried that the waves of extinction could hit the humpback whale. Instead, the whales have made a comeback. If the latest preliminary data is to the believed, there were about 30,000 humpback whales spotted in the Western Indian Ocean recently. Since the 1970s, this is the first time this particular species of whale appeared in a number as terrific as this. A specialized team led by Chris Wilkinson, the Technical Manager of the Mammal Research Institute at the University of Pretoria, is dedicated to counting the whales as they make their way past the Cape Vidal, located on South Africa’s East Coast. 

Similar to the animals that migrate to warmer conditions before the onset of winter. The humpback whales switch their breeding spots from the Antarctic waters to Mozambique. After conducting careful surveys throughout 2018 and the years prior, it has been asserted that the total population of the humpback whales in the western Indian Ocean, sum up to a figure close to 30,000.

Considering the ever-swelling depreciation of the land and the oceans, the conservation efforts to bring back the humpback whales in large numbers have proven successful. This phenomenon has implied that if all the straps of animal management are fortified, it will help these mammals locate their ideal environment to grow and thrive without much interference. Out of all the other factors that led to the endangerment of the humpback whales, whaling is the most profound and strenuous one. 

A humpback whale swimming in the Indian Ocean.

Biologists have been trying to delineate the causes that prompted the whales’ disappearance. The implementation of modern vessels used to chase and hunt down these whales, increase the chance of their captivity. Moreover, the fact that the humpback whales are particularly slow and prefer basking in the comfort of the coastal waters increases their vulnerabilities in the ocean. Another factor is that the humpback whales have been the prime target of the hunters since they contain an exceedingly high amount of body fat, a constituent that is otherwise absent in the other water animals. 

The whales spend about 4-5 months of the year in the tropical conditions, as we have already mentioned before, and it is this trend of the humpbacks that have initiated into being the whalers favorite pawn. The whalers would mostly be around South Georgia from spring to autumn every year and slaughtering the whales in abnormally large numbers. During the 1960s, scientists discovered that the population of humpback whales was plunging to an unsustainable level, close to extinction, and it was only then that the International Whaling Commission rolled out stricter laws. Rules and regulations to safeguard the animals and procure them with enough time and a suitable environment to multiply in numbers. 

Laws have been created to terminate the mindless whale hunting; there is also a fair number of them that die in the ocean due to the pollution that they are subject too. Choking on plastic and getting trapped in ghost nets are some of the most glaring reasons for the population to hit the brink. We need to steer away from any further crises. The call of the hour is to keep the oceans clean and let our fellow creations live out their lives peacefully. Presently, Operation Earth 5, along with the rest of the humanitarians, are collectively pursuing this mission.

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